Displaying items by tag: euConferences

Water is becoming an increasingly a scarce resource in most areas but yet essential in establishing nursery seedlings. This calls for the effective and efficient use of this important resource. Hardening off of nursery seedlings through reduction of watering regime is necessary before transplanting seedlings to the field. This leads to better survival yet the interval of watering is not well established and this might vary with species and locality

The microenterprise (ME) sector is key in Kenya’s development process. In Kakamega County, the sector continues to register remarkable growth than agriculture and wage-employment sectors, employing 30% of the labour force and contributing significantly to households’ incomes and livelihoods. The sector is characterized by variations in entrepreneurs’ and MEs characteristics, making any stakeholders’ intervention strategies in its development difficult without appropriate data.

Published in Education and Change

The focus of this study was onstress management techniquesand their effect on task performance among secondary school student leaders in Kisumu County, Kenya.Despite, the key role that stress management techniques plays in dealing with the inevitable effect of stress through problem solving, emotional support and denial there has been a burden among male and female student leaders, triggered by task performance.

Published in Education and Change

Locally and globally, women’s leadership and political participation are restricted. Women are underrepresented as voters, as well as in leading positions, whether in elective offices or in the civil service, in the private sector or even in academia.

Published in Education and Change

The government of Kenya has since independence made great strides to eradicate poverty through its fight against disease, poverty and ignorance. Different development plans, sessional papers and high level forums have spelt out different strategies to address poverty, but they have not been translated into implementable effective policies and approaches that can overcome poverty situations in the country.

Published in Education and Change

POSTER: Host Plant Resistance to Blast Disease (Pyricularia grisea) in Selected Finger Millet (Eleusine coracana L. Gaertn) Genotypes

POSTER: Photovoltaics is a promising technology for energy sustainability, security, reliability and environmental safety. Organic solar cells (OSCs) including polymer solar cells (PSCs); have the advantage of light weight, flexibility and ease in processing. The performance of PSCs is limited by poor optical absorption, low carrier mobility and misalignment of the donor and acceptor energy levels.  The prototype PSCs consist of poly-3-hexylthiophene (P3HT) as the donor material and the fullerene, (6-6) phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) as the acceptor material. 

The importance of place-based science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education cannot be over-emphasized, particularly in developing economies. It takes a strong presence of a knowledgeable and highly skilled workforce talented in STEM fields to drive the economy towards prosperity through economic growth and poverty alleviation, and it takes place-based STEM education to develop the agricultural-STEM workforce that the East African agribusinesses for sustainable development.

Published in Education and Change

The upsurge of ethical malpractice in schools has renewed interest in the ethical dimension of education. Professional ethics codes have become crucial elements for regulating the conduct of teachers globally. The value and prevalence of these frameworks vary across professions and contexts especially in developed and developing countries.

Published in Education and Change

Technical and vocational education plays a critical role in the acquisition of practical knowledge and skills that are vital to industrial development worldwide. Kenya aspires to achieve Vision 2030 by intensifying application of science, technology and innovation in its education system for global competitiveness.

Published in Education and Change

A country cannot attain sustainable development without considerable investment in human capital. This makes education an important factor in development because it enhances people’s understanding of themselves and their world.

Published in Education and Change

 This paper examines the relationship between tobacco growing and food security in Malakisi region in Bumula Sub-county of Bungoma County, with a view of establishing its effect on household food security. Tobacco, being a non-food crop, does not contribute to physical food availability in the household.

Published in Food security

Scarcity and costly aquafeeds are a setback to sustainable aquaculture in developing countries. Fishmeal (FM) which is preferred for fish feeds is costly and scarce due to competition from livestock and poultry feed industries. Though use of plant-based ingredients for fish feeds is a strategy to reduce the cost, demand for conventional ingredients such as soy, cottonseed among others, is as high as that of fishmeal

Published in Food security

POSTER: Pain is a common manifestation of presence of disease or physical injury in humans. High levels of serotonin in the plasma has been associated with pain. This study aimed at determining the effect of Withania somnifera root extracts on serotonin levels in Suiz albino mice. 

POSTER: Polythenes are used in many spheres of human life such as packing of commodities, construction of green houses and ponds among other uses. When not properly disposed, they contaminate our environment since they are not easily biodegraded.

POSTER: Every harvest season, receives a lot of plant waste material that have a negative effect on the environment. The rate at which bacteria and fungi in the environment decompose these wastes is low. This study aimed to isolate actinomycetes from soils obtained from Egerton University and test the actinomycetes for the ability to decompose plant wastes materials.

POSTER: Diseases are the worst enemy to man currently. This study was aimed at isolating pathogenic bacteria from water obtained from shallow wells in Dundori Kenya. Also, the study aimed at testing the isolates for sensitivity to antibiotic metabolites previously extracted from Actinomycetes isolates from soils of Egerton University. Water samples were collected from shallow wells randomly selected from Dundori and abbreviated as A, B, C, D, and E. Bacterial pathogens were isolated from the water samples using the membrane filtration technique

POSTER: Multi-drug resistant pathogens are a leading cause of human morbidity and mortality all over the world. This study aimed at isolating actinomycetes from the soils of Menengai crater and characterizing selected actinomycetes using classical and molecular techniques. Actinomycetes were isolated using starch casein (SC), Luria Bertani (M1) and starch nitrate (SN) agar media. 

Understanding the future of smallholder farmers of Kinakomba Ward in Tana River is critical to the design and development of policies. One of the major concerns is establishing how sensitive these farmers are to climate change shocks

Seasonality presents a number of issues that require special attention and strategies. In particular, seasonality affects the number of tourists to a region and therefore may threaten the viability of tourism enterprises and regions whether severely or mildly.

Chókwè Irrigation Scheme (CIS) is the biggest of its kind in Mozambique, supporting the practice of irrigated agriculture in region and contributing to food security and economic growth. The scheme faces seasonality in water flow-flux resulting from the climate variable effects. Sediment particles has accumulated over decades in the canals causing serious problem in the scheme

Several biochemical and metabolic changes are associated with the senescence of cut gladioli particularly carbohydrates. This study aimed to determine the effects of pulsing and wet cold storage on the starch and sugar biomarkers in cut Gladiolus grandiflorus L. cv. Fado vase quality. Pulsing treatments of 600-ppm 8-hydroxyquinoline sulphate plus 5 % sucrose solution versus distilled water were administered prior to wet cold storage durations of 0 – 5 days on the cut Gladiolus cv.

This study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers in separating interspecific hybrids of tea (Camellia sinensis). A total of 20 SSR primers (5 EST-SSR and 15 microsatellite markers) were screened against three genotypes, i.e., 570/2, 688/1, and 83/1 from 2005, 2007, and 1999 trials, respectively.

Multi-drug resistant pathogens are a leading cause of human morbidity and mortality all over the world. This study aimed at isolating actinomycetes from the soils of Menengai crater and characterizing selected actinomycetes using classical and molecular techniques. Actinomycetes were isolated using starch casein (SC), Luria Bertani (M1) and starch nitrate (SN) agar media.

Grasshoppers play strategic roles in the ecosystems of recycling of plant nutrients and acting a first order consumers along the trophic food webs. Therefore, their distribution and diversity within an ecosystem signify richness and evenness.  Despite their usefulness, very little is known about the diversity, the relative abundance as well as the distribution of Caeliferans in Africa and more so, Kenya.

Bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearum is one of the two major potato diseases in Rwanda. An in vitro study was conducted to identify and differentiate the pathogen isolated from three potato cultivars highly susceptible to R. solanacearum in Rwanda namely Kinigi, Kirundo and Gikungu.

A laboratory study was conducted to determine chemical composition of Azadiractin indica   and Ricinus communis seed oils grown in Marigat, Baringo County, Kenya . Seed oils of A. indica and R. communis were   extracted from mature dried seeds by cold pressing and boiling respectively and chemical compositions were determined using Gas Chromatography (GC)-Mass Spectrometry (MS).

This paper reports the removal of fluoride ions in stored drinking water by a container made from chemically modified polyethylene material. To anchor triethylamine within the structure of the polyethylene material and improve its value, the polyethylene was first heated to melting. To the molten material, hot vegetable oil was added slowly with continuous heating followed by a strongly basic hydrogen peroxide solution then activated with triethylamine to produce a water insoluble material.

Tuesday, 17 November 2020 10:23

On Stability of Similarity Orbits

The notion of stability plays an important role in dynamical systems. It has been extensively studied in various forms. Various properties of stability have been proved under the underlying spaces.  

Kenya has an elaborate policy and regulatory framework guiding the establishment and management of private health insurance schemes run by non-state service providers. The private health insurance services are complimentary to services provided by the National Hospital Insurance Fund (NHIF) which is the body mandated by the Kenyan Government to provide the national insurance cover for all its citizens in an effort to spearhead universal health coverage.  

Aim: Countries have eased restrictions and in Kenya children have even been allowed back to school. Several parents still have fears about the health of their children as they go back to school after a long break occasioned by the COVID-19 outbreak. In this review, we aim to provide the immunological basis for our argument and thus opine that it’s safe to have the children in school.

An estimated two to three million annual deaths from Vaccine preventable diseases (VPDs) are preventable through immunization. Currently about 19.5 million infants miss out on routine immunization globally. We carried out a study on the role of caregiver characteristics in persuasive communication on adoption of routine immunization services. Further the moderating role of support systems was evaluated.

There is evidence that use of narrative messages is effective in the context of health. There is however no explanation as to what aspect of narrative leads to high level of persuasion. In this regard, we evaluated the effects of narrative rationality (believability) on uptake of cervical cancer screening among women in agricultural sector Kiambu County, Kenya.  A randomized experimental design was used in this study.

Diseases are the worst enemy to man currently. This study was aimed at isolating pathogenic bacteria from water obtained from shallow wells in Dundori Kenya. Also, the study aimed at testing the isolates for sensitivity to antibiotic metabolites previously extracted from Actinomycetes isolates from soils of Egerton University.

Every harvest season, receives a lot of plant waste material that have a negative effect on the environment. The rate at which bacteria and fungi in the environment decompose these wastes is low. This study aimed to isolate actinomycetes from soils obtained from Egerton University and test the actinomycetes for the ability to decompose plant wastes materials. Soil samples were collected from field 7 in Egerton University, Kenya.

Microplastics (MPs) are emerging threat contaminants that have been shown to provide toxic pollutants, either from the environment or from their inherent toxic monomers and additives, a pathway into the aquatic food web. In the present study, the occurrence, abundance and composition of microplastic (MP) load in the surface water of Lake Naivasha was determined.

Pain is a common manifestation of presence of disease or physical injury in humans. High levels of serotonin in the plasma has been associated with pain. This study aimed at determining the effect of Withania somnifera root extracts on serotonin levels in Suiz albino mice. W. somnifera root samples were collected and ground to small pieces.

Polythenes are used in many spheres of human life such as packing of commodities, construction of green houses and ponds among other uses. When not properly disposed, they contaminate our environment since they are not easily biodegraded.

Introduction: Effective health provider- patient communication, a precursor to building a wholesome, trusting relationship, has been recognized as a vital factor in cultivating suitable self-management practices among patients with chronic infections like HIV/AIDS.

Ecosystems provide valuable ecosystem services which are the foundation of man's sustainable development such as water provision. However, when humans exploit ecosystems in providing for their own sustenance, they also affect ecosystem services intensively and consequently degrade the environment, endangering man's survival and development.

Growth performance of mixed sex and male monosex O. niloticus was done in cages at LwandaDisi beach, Lake Victoria, Kenya. Male monosex fingerlings were sex reversed by feeding newly hatched larvae on feed laced with 17-α-methyl testosterone hormone (MT) for 28 days.

Published in Food security

Gender equity and women’s empowerment are prerequisites to effective conservation, climate action and meeting the Sustainable Development Goals. In view of its ecological, social and economic value, water is an important renewable natural resource.

In today’s world, it is imperative that countries or nations to involve policy experts to be included all through the policy formulation process. Knowledge of policy analysts cannot be underestimated in the 21st century since they have a vast understanding and know how to play a key role in the changes that occur in the recent time and also public problems will always continue to evolve with changes in time and environment surrounding the policy process.

The paper examines and evaluates the multibillion-dollar project of road, railway, airports, and industries signed between Kenya, Ethiopia, and South Sudan – the Lamu Port South Sudan and Ethiopia Transport Corridor (LAPSSET). It identifies how the northern transport corridor will impact Kenya’s relation with her neighbors? A triangulation of Key Informants’ interviews with government and academic documents led to a satisfactory conclusion.

The “Belt and Road Initiative (BRI)” has become a major hallmark of China’s overseas engagement in different regions of Asia, Middle East, Europe and Africa. China claims that the BRI presents an open and inclusive economic development model that emphasizes equality and mutual benefit, inclusiveness and mutual coordination, and win-win cooperation to promote the common development of all countries including China.

The effects of climate variability have heavily affected Agro pastoralists in most parts of the Sub-Saharan. This is caused by a combination of factors, which include; widespread poverty, dependence on natural resources, over dependence on rain fed agriculture, conflicts and negligence from the government (Atinkut and Mebrat, 2016). 

Endometritis is a prevalent disease in postpartum cows resulting in substantial economic losses due to decreases in productivity and profitability of the dairy farms. Therefore, knowledge on effectiveness of management interventions (MIs) towards endometritis are essential to make good decisions on its preventive measures and improve dairy cow’s productivity

Published in Food security

Endometritis is a postpartum uterine disease of cows that interrupts reproductive cycles resulting in suboptimal fertility, reduced performance, and profitability of the dairy herd. The objective of the study was to estimate the perceived and observed prevalence of endometritis among zero-grazed dairy cows in smallholder farms in Rwanda.

Published in Food security
Monday, 16 November 2020 09:02

Optimization in Hilbert Spaces

Studies on optimization has attracted the attention of many mathematicians and researchers over a long period of time. In this paper, we are concerned with the classical results on optimization of convex functions in infinite-dimensional real Hilbert spaces.

Aquaculture development in Kenya and elsewhere, is frequently hampered by lack of suitable, affordable and sustainable feed sources. This is especially so for mariculture, where cultured organisms are commonly at higher trophic levels, requiring protein and lipiddense formulations.

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