Displaying items by tag: MASTERCARD FOUNDATION

POSTER: This study hypothesized that use of genetic parameters from different studies to evaluate overall genetic and economic gains of livestock breeding programmes could over and under estimate response to selection. This is because genetic parameters are affected by data sample size, environmental conditions and evaluation models.

Published in Food security

POSTER: Credit access is among key determinants to increase level of tea production and income of small scale-farmers in Rwanda and its demand has been increasing with the time. Accessed credit help farmers to meet costs of farm inputs such as fertilizers, seedlings and labour as well. Factors to access credit have been discussed in various studies, and despite the fact that credit seekers obtain credits only when they are eligible by complying with the requirements such as the interest rate to pay, tea farm size and collateral of the lending institutions.

Published in Food security

POSTER: Russian wheat aphid (Diuraphis noxia) is one of the most important pest of wheat (Triticum aestivum) and other cereals worldwide. It has been reported to cause up to 95% yield loss when poorly controlled. Therefore, there is need to develop effective Russian Wheat Aphid (RWA) control methods to reduce wheat yield losses. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of variety and insecticide seed dress on RWA population and damage on wheat.

POSTER: Host Plant Resistance to Blast Disease (Pyricularia grisea) in Selected Finger Millet (Eleusine coracana L. Gaertn) Genotypes

POSTER: Photovoltaics is a promising technology for energy sustainability, security, reliability and environmental safety. Organic solar cells (OSCs) including polymer solar cells (PSCs); have the advantage of light weight, flexibility and ease in processing. The performance of PSCs is limited by poor optical absorption, low carrier mobility and misalignment of the donor and acceptor energy levels.  The prototype PSCs consist of poly-3-hexylthiophene (P3HT) as the donor material and the fullerene, (6-6) phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) as the acceptor material. 

POSTER: Pain is a common manifestation of presence of disease or physical injury in humans. High levels of serotonin in the plasma has been associated with pain. This study aimed at determining the effect of Withania somnifera root extracts on serotonin levels in Suiz albino mice. 

POSTER: Polythenes are used in many spheres of human life such as packing of commodities, construction of green houses and ponds among other uses. When not properly disposed, they contaminate our environment since they are not easily biodegraded.

POSTER: Every harvest season, receives a lot of plant waste material that have a negative effect on the environment. The rate at which bacteria and fungi in the environment decompose these wastes is low. This study aimed to isolate actinomycetes from soils obtained from Egerton University and test the actinomycetes for the ability to decompose plant wastes materials.

POSTER: Diseases are the worst enemy to man currently. This study was aimed at isolating pathogenic bacteria from water obtained from shallow wells in Dundori Kenya. Also, the study aimed at testing the isolates for sensitivity to antibiotic metabolites previously extracted from Actinomycetes isolates from soils of Egerton University. Water samples were collected from shallow wells randomly selected from Dundori and abbreviated as A, B, C, D, and E. Bacterial pathogens were isolated from the water samples using the membrane filtration technique

POSTER: Multi-drug resistant pathogens are a leading cause of human morbidity and mortality all over the world. This study aimed at isolating actinomycetes from the soils of Menengai crater and characterizing selected actinomycetes using classical and molecular techniques. Actinomycetes were isolated using starch casein (SC), Luria Bertani (M1) and starch nitrate (SN) agar media. 

The effects of climate variability have heavily affected Agro pastoralists in most parts of the Sub-Saharan. This is caused by a combination of factors, which include; widespread poverty, dependence on natural resources, over dependence on rain fed agriculture, conflicts and negligence from the government (Atinkut and Mebrat, 2016). 

The development of a system of assessing food waste and loss using nutritional demand from populations, production capacity and food loss has provided unique insight into developing more incisive food policy.  As can be seen in Figure 1 there are critical differences and gaps in global protein supply profiles.

Published in Food security

Endometritis is a prevalent uterine disease in postpartum cows. The disease reduces fertility performance and milk yield, and subsequently, productivity and profitability of dairy farms. The reduction in performance is associated with considerable economic losses on dairy farms.

Published in Food security

Endometritis is a postpartum uterine disease of cows occurring between 21st and 90th days postpartum (dpp). The disease may occur in the form of clinical endometritis (CLE) and/or subclinical endometritis (SCLE) and interrupts reproductive cycles resulting in suboptimal fertility, reduced performance and profitability of the dairy herd. The prevalence of endometritis in dairy cows can be as great as 89.0% in some herds between 21 and 90 dpp. 

Published in Food security

Can Pastoral Communities Offer Sustainable Ecological Management Solutions? The case of Mwanda-Marungu Pastoral Commons in Taita Hills, Kenya

Legumes are among  important dietary food crops providing most essential nutrients (Malaguti et al., 2014). 

Published in Food security

Presence of spatial and temporal diverse vegetation plays an important role in enhancing invertebrate taxa in agricultural ecosystems. Re-search findings have shown that agricultural intensification reduces and disrupts invertebrate taxa like the natural enemies responsive to natural pest regulation and crop pollination. 

Published in Food security

Dolichos bean (Lablab purpureus L.) is locally known as ‘Njahi’. It is underutilized crop and less cultivated. It’s a potential legume for sustainable agriculture in dryland ecosystems.

Published in Food security

Free Secondary Education In 2008, the Kenyan government introduced the Free Day Secondary Education (FDSE) policy with the aim of expanding access and retention of learners in public day secondary schools leading to increased enrolment in an environment of resource scarcity.

Published in Education and Change

Egerton University regrets to inform you all that the 13th International Conference which was to be held on 25th to 27th March 2020 has been postponed until a later date due to the Corona Virus scare. The goverment has with immediate effect banned all meeetings, conferences and events of international nature in Kenya.

Published in News and Notices