Displaying items by tag: EGERTON UNIVERSITY
The development of a system of assessing food waste and loss using nutritional demand from populations, production capacity and food loss has provided unique insight into developing more incisive food policy. As can be seen in Figure 1 there are critical differences and gaps in global protein supply profiles.
Over 8 million households in Kenya rely on wood and 1.3 million on charcoal while only 3% own electric cooking appliances. The impact of solid biomass fuel for cooking on households around the world is increasingly evident. Kenya is one of the most vulnerable countries and acutely experiencing the manifestations of the problem
The serene, biodiverse and stunning Indian Ocean seascapes are widely appreciated, but inherent dangers, remain largely ignored or the stuff of folklore and fiction. A cross-sectional survey of dangerous marine organism knowledge and management among typical seascape users along the Kenyan coast, was undertaken among fishing communities at the North and South coast. Demographics, coupled with knowledge and management of marine biohazards, were obtained from over 112 respondents (fishers, gleaners, boatmen, beach boys) in March 2019
Primates are known to maintain forest plant population and regeneration through seed dispersal. They swallow and defecate and or spit large quantities of viable seeds away from the parent plant. This study was conducted in Gede Ruins forest, a coastal dry forest of Kenya to establish the contribution of Sykes monkeys (Cercopithecus mitis albogularis in maintenance of community structure and species composition through seed dispersal.
Infectious diseases (IDs) account for 90% of the health problems worldwide, killing about 14 million people annually, 90% of who are from the developing world. Viruses, mostly as zoonoses, account for most of the EIDs and re-EIDs and consequently account for most of the IDs fatalities.
Kenya, like most other developing countries, is undergoing an epidemiologic shift of disease patterns characterized by an increasing prevalence of cancer and other non-communicable diseases straining health care resources which were mainly intended for communicable diseases.
In Kenya, Cancer is estimated to be the second leading cause of non-communicable diseases related deaths after cardiovascular diseases and accounting for 7% of overall national mortality. Hydrazine has been classified as human carcinogen by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
Livestock-associated zoonoses can influence health directly through human infection, as well as indirectly by mediating livestock production losses that have substantial economic and nutritional impacts on subsistence farmers and their families.
This study establishes how female characters in Nawaal El Saadawi’s God Dies by the Nile (2007), Mariama Ba’s Scarlet Song(1986), Assia Djebar’s Fantasia: An Algerian Cavalcade (1993) and Bake Robert Tumuhaise’s Tears of my Mother (2013) use non-aggressive types of power to negotiate relevance.
For more than three decades, studies on patriarchal domination of women have quelled the oppressive masculinity. There is a shift of prototype, where some Muslim women scholars of Islam in Northern Nigeria are now changing the narratives of confinement to public discourse of their feminine roles in peace building and security. Some of these Muslim women combine both Islamic and western (formal) education in their peace building and security activities.
Space, agency and voice are important in history and literature and provide some of the best representations of culture. In this article, I seek to demonstrate that History and Literature have been bedfellows as disciplines and often complement each other in representation of facts and fiction. They are often used as ardent vehicles and vessels of presenting and preserving culture. The works of Chinua Achebe have been used to teach the history of the Igbo people of Nigeria.
Africa has great potential to realize food security, poverty reduction as well as reduce youth unemployment through the agricultural sector. Consequently, many African governments have emphasized the importance of agricultural productivity and competitiveness in achieving the SDG “to create conditions for sustainable, inclusive and sustained economic growth, shared prosperity and decent work for all, taking into account different levels of national development and capacities.”
Kenya’s aquaculture dates back to 1920s and in the 1960s, deliberate efforts to develop the sector were seen through international agencies, bilateral donor programs and the Kenyan government but has experienced slowed growth just like in many other developing countries despite immense water resource and an array of potential aquaculture fish species.
Open-air markets are outlets for most agri-food products. The markets provide convenience and competitive pricing for agricultural products, but more importantly, they play a role in ensuring food availability and accessibility. However, huge amounts of agricultural production and food waste generated at these open-air markets present a health risk to users and surrounding communities, if not managed properly. Proper management of the refuse needs no emphasis.
The United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 2 calls for doubling agricultural productivity of the world’s smallholder farmers. Productivity growth – increasing the output of crops and livestock using fewer resources – is critical for food and nutrition security, rural development, and climate change adaptation.
Credit access is among key determinants to increase level of tea production and income of small scale-farmers in Rwanda and its demand has been increasing with the time. Accessed credit help farmers to meet costs of farm inputs such as fertilizers, seedlings and labour as well.
Pyricularia grisea (anamorph Magnaporthe grisea) is the most destructive fungal pathogen causing blast disease in finger millet (Eleusine coracana) causing significant yield loss ranging from 28-100% and most cultivars grown by farmers are susceptible to the disease.
Generation of biogas can greatly be influenced by feed stock pretreatment. The effect of hydro, mechanical and thermal pretreatment of chicken and goat manure on biogas production was done using a 0.15m3 laboratory scale batch digester.
There has been increased interest over the last decades on community based management of natural resources (CBMNR) and their relation to environmental sustainability. Insufficient studies dedicated in Kenya to understand pastoral communities’ management is striking, considering the importance of communal management for pastoralism and of pastoralism in Kenya.
Endometritis is a prevalent uterine disease in postpartum cows. The disease reduces fertility performance and milk yield, and subsequently, productivity and profitability of dairy farms. The reduction in performance is associated with considerable economic losses on dairy farms.
Endometritis is a postpartum uterine disease of cows occurring between 21st and 90th days postpartum (dpp). The disease may occur in the form of clinical endometritis (CLE) and/or subclinical endometritis (SCLE) and interrupts reproductive cycles resulting in suboptimal fertility, reduced performance and profitability of the dairy herd. The prevalence of endometritis in dairy cows can be as great as 89.0% in some herds between 21 and 90 dpp.
Can Pastoral Communities Offer Sustainable Ecological Management Solutions? The case of Mwanda-Marungu Pastoral Commons in Taita Hills, Kenya
Low aphids' infestation field margin vegetation plot attributed to diversity (Karani, 2017)
Legumes are among important dietary food crops providing most essential nutrients (Malaguti et al., 2014).
Presence of spatial and temporal diverse vegetation plays an important role in enhancing invertebrate taxa in agricultural ecosystems. Re-search findings have shown that agricultural intensification reduces and disrupts invertebrate taxa like the natural enemies responsive to natural pest regulation and crop pollination.
Dolichos bean (Lablab purpureus L.) is locally known as ‘Njahi’. It is underutilized crop and less cultivated. It’s a potential legume for sustainable agriculture in dryland ecosystems.
Free Secondary Education In 2008, the Kenyan government introduced the Free Day Secondary Education (FDSE) policy with the aim of expanding access and retention of learners in public day secondary schools leading to increased enrolment in an environment of resource scarcity.
Click on the title above to view
Even though quality of seed is a major yield determinant in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) production and global food security, inadequate availability of and access to high quality (certified) seed is a major challenge to potato producers in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Calf Health Problems, Causes and Trends in the Semi-Arid Areas of Kenya and Technologies for Mitigation
This paper examines factors influencing the choice of response strategies and the actual strategies smallholder farmers use to respond to the effects of climate variability in transitional climatic zones of Africa, specifically Laikipia West Sub-County in Kenya.
Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) is a promising food security crop due to its ability to tolerate drought. A literature review was carried out with an aim of highlighting strategies that sorghum farmers could adopt in the wake of changing climate for improved crop production and livelihoods.
The use of poor quality potato seeds as well as low soil fertility majorly limit potato production in Kenya. The objective of the study was to determine effect of phosphorus rates on growth, yield and phosphorus use efficiency of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) varieties propagated from rooted apical cuttings.
The African indigenous vegetables (AIVs) are a major source of essential nutrients critical in providing a balanced diet. They are rich in micronutrients such as iron, zinc, vitamin A, and contain bioactive phytochemicals, which provide protection to the body against disease.
Dairy farming is ranked highly among the agricultural enterprises due to its potential to enhance food security and alleviate poverty. Various technologies have been adopted in breeding, feeding and disease control which has enhanced productivity.
Kenya has made remarkable improvement in the quest for universal primary education as a way of achieving international target for realizing Education for All (EFA) which has resulted in the increase in student enrolment.
Click on Sample title above
We aimed to characterize important external and internal egg quality traits of indigenous chicken and determine whether significant differences exists between ecotypes.
The cotton industry in Kenya is looked right from production to marketing level in details. The background of cotton production and marketing from post-independence to present situation is highlighted.
Stem rust (Puccinia graminis f. sp tritici) is a destructive disease of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) making it a major challenge to wheat production in Kenya as well as other wheat growing countries. Due to this, mutation breeding has been as a source of increasing variability and confers specific improvement to the Kenyan varieties without significantly altering its phenotype.
Vegetables contribute significantly to the Kenyan horticultural Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Vegetable farmers however face various constraints duringproduction and marketing thus affecting their productivity.
Carboxymethyl cellulose is an important non-toxic cellulose derivative which plays vital roles in paper coating, pharmaceuticals, food, detergents, and others
Family planning is an important strategy towards achieving Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) three (3) which has been proven to reduce maternal mortality. Despite the expansive benefits of family planning services, its uptake of these services among men still remains low in Kuresoi North Sub-county.
Characterization of soils in selected potato growing areas of Molo, Nakuru County in Kenyawas necessitated by the observed decline in potatoes acreage yields over the years despite the use of phosphorus and nitrogenous fertilizers.In this study, levels of some key soil fertility indices were determined
Breeding of goats requires proper selection of breeding bucks through consideration of their breeding soundness. Selection of breeding bucks is the most critical decision for improvement of a flock, and it largely depends on factors like scrotal circumference and semen quality.
The paper investigated the influence of languages (national and official) on learner’s academic achievement as recommended by the new framework law of education n° 14/004 of 11thFebruary,2014.A population of 187 learners from six forms of Nile Basin Primary School (NBPS), were involved in the study, where a test in language subjects (French and Kiswahili),
From empirical studies, the effects of components of public expenditure on economic growth appear to provide mixed results. Despite this ambiguity, economic theory suggests that government expenditure induce economic growth.
Bulk heterojunction (BHJ) device structure is one of the most promising approaches towards high efficiency thin film polymer solar cells (TFPSCs).
Call for Papers for the 13th Egerton University International Conference. The theme of the conference is "Innovation, Research and Transformation for Sustainable Development'. A virtual conference has been organized to take place on 24th to 26th November, 2020 via Zoom, in six sessions.