Health, Science and Technology (29)
Papers preferred under this sub-theme would be those discussing research outputs, innovations or transformative actions on Molecular Biology and Biochemistry Modern Techniques and Tools; Cancer and Other Chronic and Emerging Diseases; Newer Clinical and Surgical Techniques; Modern and Advanced Laboratory Techniques and Diagnostic Tools; Food Nutrition in the Management of Various Diseases; Animal Model Laboratory Disease Research; One Health Issues; Drug Developments; Disease Prevention and Health Promotion; Water and Sanitation; Global Pandemics; Health Management and Policy Issues. On Science and Technology, the papers should discuss new knowledge insights and applications from basic and applied sciences, engineering, computing, communication or information technologies that provide solutions to social and economic challenges to society, environment and economy.
Computational Methods in Drug Discovery: Quantitative Structure-Antitrypanosomal Activity Relationships (QSAR) as a Case StudyWritten by M. Kimani1, J. Matasyoh2, M. Kaiser3 4, G. Trossini5 and T. J. Schmidt6
Human African trypanosomiasis is a fatal vector-borne parasitic neglected tropical disease affecting millions of people in poorly developed regions of sub-Saharan Africa. It is caused by two subspecies of protozoan parasites: Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense (Tbr) and T. b. gambiense.
Chókwè Irrigation Scheme (CIS) is the biggest of its kind in Mozambique, supporting the practice of irrigated agriculture in region and contributing to food security and economic growth. The scheme faces seasonality in water flow-flux resulting from the climate variable effects. Sediment particles has accumulated over decades in the canals causing serious problem in the scheme
Changes in Carbohydrates Associated with Senescence of Cut Gladiolus Spikes as Affected by Pulsing and Wet Cold Storage DurationsWritten by J. K. Chore1*, M. Mwangi2, S. M. Karori3 and A. M. Kibe4
Several biochemical and metabolic changes are associated with the senescence of cut gladioli particularly carbohydrates. This study aimed to determine the effects of pulsing and wet cold storage on the starch and sugar biomarkers in cut Gladiolus grandiflorus L. cv. Fado vase quality. Pulsing treatments of 600-ppm 8-hydroxyquinoline sulphate plus 5 % sucrose solution versus distilled water were administered prior to wet cold storage durations of 0 – 5 days on the cut Gladiolus cv.
This study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers in separating interspecific hybrids of tea (Camellia sinensis). A total of 20 SSR primers (5 EST-SSR and 15 microsatellite markers) were screened against three genotypes, i.e., 570/2, 688/1, and 83/1 from 2005, 2007, and 1999 trials, respectively.
Multi-drug resistant pathogens are a leading cause of human morbidity and mortality all over the world. This study aimed at isolating actinomycetes from the soils of Menengai crater and characterizing selected actinomycetes using classical and molecular techniques. Actinomycetes were isolated using starch casein (SC), Luria Bertani (M1) and starch nitrate (SN) agar media.
Grasshoppers play strategic roles in the ecosystems of recycling of plant nutrients and acting a first order consumers along the trophic food webs. Therefore, their distribution and diversity within an ecosystem signify richness and evenness. Despite their usefulness, very little is known about the diversity, the relative abundance as well as the distribution of Caeliferans in Africa and more so, Kenya.
Bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearum is one of the two major potato diseases in Rwanda. An in vitro study was conducted to identify and differentiate the pathogen isolated from three potato cultivars highly susceptible to R. solanacearum in Rwanda namely Kinigi, Kirundo and Gikungu.
Chemical Composition of Azadirachta indica A. Juss and Ricinus communis Linn. Seed Oils Growing in Marigat, Baringo County, KenyaWritten by *A. J. Kiplagat, C. I. Maina, and P. K. Bett
A laboratory study was conducted to determine chemical composition of Azadiractin indica and Ricinus communis seed oils grown in Marigat, Baringo County, Kenya . Seed oils of A. indica and R. communis were extracted from mature dried seeds by cold pressing and boiling respectively and chemical compositions were determined using Gas Chromatography (GC)-Mass Spectrometry (MS).
Removal of Fluoride Ions in Stored Drinking Water by Triethylamine Chemically Modified Polyethylene ContainersWritten by G. W. Mbugua1*, I. W. Mwangi1,3, R. N. Wanjau1, S. Sauda1, M. T. M2 and J.C. Ngila3
This paper reports the removal of fluoride ions in stored drinking water by a container made from chemically modified polyethylene material. To anchor triethylamine within the structure of the polyethylene material and improve its value, the polyethylene was first heated to melting. To the molten material, hot vegetable oil was added slowly with continuous heating followed by a strongly basic hydrogen peroxide solution then activated with triethylamine to produce a water insoluble material.
The notion of stability plays an important role in dynamical systems. It has been extensively studied in various forms. Various properties of stability have been proved under the underlying spaces.
Kenya has an elaborate policy and regulatory framework guiding the establishment and management of private health insurance schemes run by non-state service providers. The private health insurance services are complimentary to services provided by the National Hospital Insurance Fund (NHIF) which is the body mandated by the Kenyan Government to provide the national insurance cover for all its citizens in an effort to spearhead universal health coverage.
Aim: Countries have eased restrictions and in Kenya children have even been allowed back to school. Several parents still have fears about the health of their children as they go back to school after a long break occasioned by the COVID-19 outbreak. In this review, we aim to provide the immunological basis for our argument and thus opine that it’s safe to have the children in school.
Persuasive Communication and Adoption of Routine Immunization of Children Aged 0-5 Years in Bomet CountyWritten by M. Amatu1,3*, H. Mberia1 and K. wa Ngula3
An estimated two to three million annual deaths from Vaccine preventable diseases (VPDs) are preventable through immunization. Currently about 19.5 million infants miss out on routine immunization globally. We carried out a study on the role of caregiver characteristics in persuasive communication on adoption of routine immunization services. Further the moderating role of support systems was evaluated.
Rationality of Cancer Survivors’ Narratives and their Influence on Intention to Screening for Cervical Cancer among Women in Agricultural Sector Kiambu, County KenyaWritten by J. Muchiri1, H. Mberia2 and R. Nyanbane3
There is evidence that use of narrative messages is effective in the context of health. There is however no explanation as to what aspect of narrative leads to high level of persuasion. In this regard, we evaluated the effects of narrative rationality (believability) on uptake of cervical cancer screening among women in agricultural sector Kiambu County, Kenya. A randomized experimental design was used in this study.