Food security

Food security (10)

Papers preferred under this subtheme would be those discussing research outputs, innovations or transformative actions that inform opportunities and challenges in attaining the zero hunger goal targets of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal no. 2. These include Increasing Agricultural Productivity and Incomes, Sustainable Animal and Crop Production Systems; Sustainable Utilization of Genetic Diversity, Safe and Nutritious Foods; Malnutrition Interventions; Food Science and Technology; Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness.

POSTER: This study hypothesized that use of genetic parameters from different studies to evaluate overall genetic and economic gains of livestock breeding programmes could over and under estimate response to selection. This is because genetic parameters are affected by data sample size, environmental conditions and evaluation models.

POSTER: Credit access is among key determinants to increase level of tea production and income of small scale-farmers in Rwanda and its demand has been increasing with the time. Accessed credit help farmers to meet costs of farm inputs such as fertilizers, seedlings and labour as well. Factors to access credit have been discussed in various studies, and despite the fact that credit seekers obtain credits only when they are eligible by complying with the requirements such as the interest rate to pay, tea farm size and collateral of the lending institutions.

The development of a system of assessing food waste and loss using nutritional demand from populations, production capacity and food loss has provided unique insight into developing more incisive food policy.  As can be seen in Figure 1 there are critical differences and gaps in global protein supply profiles.

Endometritis is a prevalent uterine disease in postpartum cows. The disease reduces fertility performance and milk yield, and subsequently, productivity and profitability of dairy farms. The reduction in performance is associated with considerable economic losses on dairy farms.

Endometritis is a postpartum uterine disease of cows occurring between 21st and 90th days postpartum (dpp). The disease may occur in the form of clinical endometritis (CLE) and/or subclinical endometritis (SCLE) and interrupts reproductive cycles resulting in suboptimal fertility, reduced performance and profitability of the dairy herd. The prevalence of endometritis in dairy cows can be as great as 89.0% in some herds between 21 and 90 dpp. 

Presence of spatial and temporal diverse vegetation plays an important role in enhancing invertebrate taxa in agricultural ecosystems. Re-search findings have shown that agricultural intensification reduces and disrupts invertebrate taxa like the natural enemies responsive to natural pest regulation and crop pollination. 

Dolichos bean (Lablab purpureus L.) is locally known as ‘Njahi’. It is underutilized crop and less cultivated. It’s a potential legume for sustainable agriculture in dryland ecosystems.