Health, Science and Technology (29)
Papers preferred under this sub-theme would be those discussing research outputs, innovations or transformative actions on Molecular Biology and Biochemistry Modern Techniques and Tools; Cancer and Other Chronic and Emerging Diseases; Newer Clinical and Surgical Techniques; Modern and Advanced Laboratory Techniques and Diagnostic Tools; Food Nutrition in the Management of Various Diseases; Animal Model Laboratory Disease Research; One Health Issues; Drug Developments; Disease Prevention and Health Promotion; Water and Sanitation; Global Pandemics; Health Management and Policy Issues. On Science and Technology, the papers should discuss new knowledge insights and applications from basic and applied sciences, engineering, computing, communication or information technologies that provide solutions to social and economic challenges to society, environment and economy.
Control of Bacterial Pathogens Isolated from Water using Actinomycetes Extracts at Egerton University, KenyaWritten by P. N. Waithaka1, E. M. Gathuru2, B. G. Muriuki2 and J. N. Kamunyi2
Diseases are the worst enemy to man currently. This study was aimed at isolating pathogenic bacteria from water obtained from shallow wells in Dundori Kenya. Also, the study aimed at testing the isolates for sensitivity to antibiotic metabolites previously extracted from Actinomycetes isolates from soils of Egerton University.
Microbial Degradation of Plant Waste Materials using Actinomycetes isolated from Egerton University Soils in KenyaWritten by P. N. Waithaka1*, E. M. Gathuru2, B. M. Githaiga2 and C. O. Ouma2
Every harvest season, receives a lot of plant waste material that have a negative effect on the environment. The rate at which bacteria and fungi in the environment decompose these wastes is low. This study aimed to isolate actinomycetes from soils obtained from Egerton University and test the actinomycetes for the ability to decompose plant wastes materials. Soil samples were collected from field 7 in Egerton University, Kenya.
Microplastics (MPs) are emerging threat contaminants that have been shown to provide toxic pollutants, either from the environment or from their inherent toxic monomers and additives, a pathway into the aquatic food web. In the present study, the occurrence, abundance and composition of microplastic (MP) load in the surface water of Lake Naivasha was determined.
Pain is a common manifestation of presence of disease or physical injury in humans. High levels of serotonin in the plasma has been associated with pain. This study aimed at determining the effect of Withania somnifera root extracts on serotonin levels in Suiz albino mice. W. somnifera root samples were collected and ground to small pieces.
Microbial Degradation of Polythene using Actinomycetes Isolated from Maize rhizosphere, Forest and Waste Damping Sites within Egerton University, KenyaWritten by P. N.Waithaka1*, E. M. Gathuru2, B. M.Githaiga2 and E. O. Ochieng2
Polythenes are used in many spheres of human life such as packing of commodities, construction of green houses and ponds among other uses. When not properly disposed, they contaminate our environment since they are not easily biodegraded.
Doctor-Patient Communication and People Living with HIV/AIDS: A Cross-Section Study from Homa Bay County, KenyaWritten by D. Butto1,3, H. Mberia1, and J. Bosire2
Introduction: Effective health provider- patient communication, a precursor to building a wholesome, trusting relationship, has been recognized as a vital factor in cultivating suitable self-management practices among patients with chronic infections like HIV/AIDS.
Studies on optimization has attracted the attention of many mathematicians and researchers over a long period of time. In this paper, we are concerned with the classical results on optimization of convex functions in infinite-dimensional real Hilbert spaces.
Infectious diseases (IDs) account for 90% of the health problems worldwide, killing about 14 million people annually, 90% of who are from the developing world. Viruses, mostly as zoonoses, account for most of the EIDs and re-EIDs and consequently account for most of the IDs fatalities.
Kenya, like most other developing countries, is undergoing an epidemiologic shift of disease patterns characterized by an increasing prevalence of cancer and other non-communicable diseases straining health care resources which were mainly intended for communicable diseases.
In Kenya, Cancer is estimated to be the second leading cause of non-communicable diseases related deaths after cardiovascular diseases and accounting for 7% of overall national mortality. Hydrazine has been classified as human carcinogen by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
Livestock-associated zoonoses can influence health directly through human infection, as well as indirectly by mediating livestock production losses that have substantial economic and nutritional impacts on subsistence farmers and their families.
Co-digesting Pretreated Chicken - Goat and Untreated Cow Manure on Biogas Production in Fixed Dome Laboratory DigesterWritten by C. S. Waswa1*, P. A. Kabok2 and D. M. Nyaanga1
Generation of biogas can greatly be influenced by feed stock pretreatment. The effect of hydro, mechanical and thermal pretreatment of chicken and goat manure on biogas production was done using a 0.15m3 laboratory scale batch digester.
Calf Health Problems, Causes and Trends in the Semi-Arid Areas of Kenya and Technologies for MitigationWritten by J.W. Kiragu*1, B. N. Mitaru2, S. M. Badamana2, L.W. Kabuage3
Calf Health Problems, Causes and Trends in the Semi-Arid Areas of Kenya and Technologies for Mitigation
Carboxymethyl cellulose is an important non-toxic cellulose derivative which plays vital roles in paper coating, pharmaceuticals, food, detergents, and others