Food security (10)
Papers preferred under this subtheme would be those discussing research outputs, innovations or transformative actions that inform opportunities and challenges in attaining the zero hunger goal targets of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal no. 2. These include Increasing Agricultural Productivity and Incomes, Sustainable Animal and Crop Production Systems; Sustainable Utilization of Genetic Diversity, Safe and Nutritious Foods; Malnutrition Interventions; Food Science and Technology; Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness.
Use of Pooled Genetic Parameters Minimizes Biasness when Evaluating Response to Selection in Indigenous Chicken Breeding ProgramsWritten by C.W. Ndung’u*, T. K. Muasya, and T. O. Okeno
POSTER: This study hypothesized that use of genetic parameters from different studies to evaluate overall genetic and economic gains of livestock breeding programmes could over and under estimate response to selection. This is because genetic parameters are affected by data sample size, environmental conditions and evaluation models.
Factors influencing Tea Farmers’ Decisions to Utilize Sources of Credit in Nyaruguru District, Rwanda: A Multivariate Probit Regression AnalysisWritten by A. Kabayiza1,2*, 2G. Owuor, 2J. K. Langat, and 1F. Niyitanga
POSTER: Credit access is among key determinants to increase level of tea production and income of small scale-farmers in Rwanda and its demand has been increasing with the time. Accessed credit help farmers to meet costs of farm inputs such as fertilizers, seedlings and labour as well. Factors to access credit have been discussed in various studies, and despite the fact that credit seekers obtain credits only when they are eligible by complying with the requirements such as the interest rate to pay, tea farm size and collateral of the lending institutions.
The Global SCOPE Project: Applying Global Indices to Reduce Food Supply Chain Losses and Improve Nutritional SecurityWritten by A. M. Opiyo, S. Nyalala, B. Karanja, M. Kumar, I. Wright, L. Korir, S. Pearson, R. Bickerton, L. Duong, W. Martindale and M. Swainson
The development of a system of assessing food waste and loss using nutritional demand from populations, production capacity and food loss has provided unique insight into developing more incisive food policy. As can be seen in Figure 1 there are critical differences and gaps in global protein supply profiles.
Farmer’s Opinions on the Effectiveness of Management Interventions for Endometritis in Smallholder Dairy Farms in RwandaWritten by Nyabinwa P.1,2*, Kashongwe O. B.1 , Habimana J. P.³ , Hirwa C. A.2, Bebe B. O.1
Endometritis is a prevalent uterine disease in postpartum cows. The disease reduces fertility performance and milk yield, and subsequently, productivity and profitability of dairy farms. The reduction in performance is associated with considerable economic losses on dairy farms.
Endometritis is a postpartum uterine disease of cows occurring between 21st and 90th days postpartum (dpp). The disease may occur in the form of clinical endometritis (CLE) and/or subclinical endometritis (SCLE) and interrupts reproductive cycles resulting in suboptimal fertility, reduced performance and profitability of the dairy herd. The prevalence of endometritis in dairy cows can be as great as 89.0% in some herds between 21 and 90 dpp.
Influence of botanical insecticides and field margin vegetation on arphids and their natural enemy abudance in Dolichos bean (Lablab purpureus L.)Written by L.O. Ochieng, J.O, Ongendo
Low aphids' infestation field margin vegetation plot attributed to diversity (Karani, 2017)
Effect of Dolichos (Lablab purpureus L.) genotypes and field margin species on bean aphids’ population and their natural enemiesWritten by Joseph M. Karimi1, Richard M.S. Mulwa1, Jane G. Nyaanga1, Joshua O. Ogendo1*, Erick Cheruiyot1 and Philip Bett2
Legumes are among important dietary food crops providing most essential nutrients (Malaguti et al., 2014).
EFFECTS OF FIELD MARGIN VEGETATION ON THE DIVERSITY AND ABUNDANCE OF INVERTE-BRATE TAXA IN SMALL HOLDER FARMS IN NAKURU COUNTYWritten by Obanyi J.N.1, 2, Ogendo J.O.1, Mulwa R.M.S.1, Nyaanga J.G1, Cheruiyot, E.K1. and Bett P.K1.
Presence of spatial and temporal diverse vegetation plays an important role in enhancing invertebrate taxa in agricultural ecosystems. Re-search findings have shown that agricultural intensification reduces and disrupts invertebrate taxa like the natural enemies responsive to natural pest regulation and crop pollination.
Effect of cropping system and field margin vegetation on population of aphids and their natural enemies in Lablab beans in Nakuru County, Kenya.Written by Christine Nkuene1, Jane Nyaanga1, Erick Cheruiyot1, Joshua O. Ogendo1*,
Dolichos bean (Lablab purpureus L.) is locally known as ‘Njahi’. It is underutilized crop and less cultivated. It’s a potential legume for sustainable agriculture in dryland ecosystems.
Combination of scrotal and semen characteristics is more informative when selecting dairy goat bucks for breedingWritten by D. L. M. Gore1, T. K. Muasya1, T. O. Okeno1, J. N. Mburu2
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