V.W. Njuguna1 and J. M. Ouma1
1Egerton University, Department of Crops, Horticulture and Soil,
P.O Box 536-20115, Njoro, Kenya
*Corresponding Author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) is a promising food security crop due to its ability to tolerate drought. A literature review was carried out with an aim of highlighting strategies that sorghum farmers could adopt in the wake of changing climate for improved crop production and livelihoods. The review focused on sorghum production trends, opportunities and challenges in sorghum production, overview of effect of climate change on agriculture among others in order to highlight some of the strategies that farmers could adopt to enhance sorghum production in a changing climate. Approaches for the sustainable intensification of sorghum production that can support climate change adaptation and mitigation include: the use of quality seeds and planting materials of well-adapted varieties; the cultivation of a diverse suite of crop species and varieties in associations and/or rotations; the use of integrated pest management practices; the implementation of conservation agriculture and the adoption of sustainable mechanization to maintain healthy soils and manage water efficiently. Identification of potentially useful practices by farmers is important to estimate future adaptation to climate change impacts. This will contribute to enhanced food security and livelihoods of farming communities through improved crop production despite the variability in abiotic factors of crop production.
Key words: Sorghum, food security, climate