Friday, 20 November 2020 08:31

Improving Food and Income Security through Production of Improved Kari-Kienyeji Chicken

Written by S. Wambua, A. Murage, L. Wamae and N. Maweu
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S. Wambua, A. Murage, L. Wamae and N. Maweu,

KALRO Headquarters- Nairobi

Corresponding Author:,

0727 457 659, 0733 872319


The importance of indigenous chicken has been rising over the years with most organizations recognizing it as an important enterprise for the resource poor farmers.  A study was carried out in two model villages in Machakos and Kiambu Counties to evaluate whether a 3 year project on production of KARI-Improved Kienyeji chicken enhanced food and income security. A total of 135 poultry farmers were interviewed; 62 in Karai and 73 in Mbiuni and data was summarised using descriptive statistics.  In both counties, the percent adoption rose from as low as 2% in 2008, climaxed in 2016 when 59% of the farmer in Machakos had adopted and 39% in Kiambu.  Eggs and chicken meat is a major source of animal protein. Eggs consumed per household per month in Kiambu increased from 20 pieces in 2015 to 34 pieces in 2018 recording a 70% increment. Consumption of birds did not change much in the three years for Kiambu with a 25% increment recorded. In Machakos, egg and chicken consumption increased by 42% and 55% respectively. Most of the income in Kiambu was used to purchase chicken feed (38%) while in Machakos was for school fee payment (29%). Other income uses in Kiambu were; purchasing of food stuff (17%), individual savings and paying school fees (7%) and social welfare. For Machakos, the scenario was a bit different where the 2nd highest proportion was used to buy food stuff and chicken feed (20%). It was clear that the project contributed to improved food and income security in the two model villages.

Keywords: Indigenous chicken, KARI-Improved Kienyeji chicken, model village, poor, productivity, resource

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