S. Wambua, A. Murage, L. Wamae and N. Maweu,
KALRO Headquarters- Nairobi
0727 457 659, 0733 872319
The importance of indigenous chicken has been rising over the years with most organizations recognizing it as an important enterprise for the resource poor farmers. A study was carried out in two model villages in Machakos and Kiambu Counties to evaluate whether a 3 year project on production of KARI-Improved Kienyeji chicken enhanced food and income security. A total of 135 poultry farmers were interviewed; 62 in Karai and 73 in Mbiuni and data was summarised using descriptive statistics. In both counties, the percent adoption rose from as low as 2% in 2008, climaxed in 2016 when 59% of the farmer in Machakos had adopted and 39% in Kiambu. Eggs and chicken meat is a major source of animal protein. Eggs consumed per household per month in Kiambu increased from 20 pieces in 2015 to 34 pieces in 2018 recording a 70% increment. Consumption of birds did not change much in the three years for Kiambu with a 25% increment recorded. In Machakos, egg and chicken consumption increased by 42% and 55% respectively. Most of the income in Kiambu was used to purchase chicken feed (38%) while in Machakos was for school fee payment (29%). Other income uses in Kiambu were; purchasing of food stuff (17%), individual savings and paying school fees (7%) and social welfare. For Machakos, the scenario was a bit different where the 2nd highest proportion was used to buy food stuff and chicken feed (20%). It was clear that the project contributed to improved food and income security in the two model villages.
Keywords: Indigenous chicken, KARI-Improved Kienyeji chicken, model village, poor, productivity, resource