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Friday, 13 November 2020 13:07

Livestock Zoonoses and One Health

Written by Prof. Eric Fèvre,
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Prof. Eric Fèvre,

Chair of Veterinary Infectious Diseases;  Kenya: International Livestock Research Institute, Old Naivasha Road, PO Box 30709-00100, Nairobi, Kenya

 UK: Institute of Infection and Global Health, University of Liverpool, Leahurst Campus, Chester High Road, Neston, CH64 7TE, United Kingdom Tel1 (voip): +44 151 324 1241; Tel2: +254 20 422 3329 |+254 722 545 345 |  Twitter: @ZoonoticDisease

Corresponding Author: 


Livestock-associated zoonoses can influence health directly through human infection, as well as indirectly by mediating livestock production losses that have substantial economic and nutritional impacts on subsistence farmers and their families. Often endemically present, livestock zoonoses occur among populations without a strong political voice.  Zoonotic infections of epidemic potential often garner headlines and considerable support for prevention and control. However, it is likely that the health and economic impacts of endemic zoonoses are even greater, especially among subsistence farmers who remain a large demographic group in many low-resource countries worldwide. In such populations, livestock infections may be transmitted to livestock keepers or those who work with livestock, or indeed the broader community, and become major causes of illness and death. In addition they can cause impoverishment either through healthcare costs, or if livestock are sickened or die, family members may suffer through reduced availability of dietary protein and of cash income. One Health approaches - the collaborative effort of multiple disciplines working locally, nationally and globally to attain optimal health for people, animals and the environment - have been promoted as a means to address such health concerns.  This talk will explore the neglected problem of zoonoses in rural communities and the central role of One Health approaches to addressing livestock zoonoses.

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